What is MD?

Information = Knowledge = Support

We, at Muscular Dystrophy Family Foundation, believe strongly that education is a cornerstone in progress against this disease.  By becoming educated, more join the team of informed warriors. By visiting this page and reading on, you are joining this team. Thank you for being a warrior!

What Causes MD?

We all have genes that control the way our muscles are structured and how they function. Muscular dystrophy occurs from changes in these genes. These changes are most often passed down from parents to children. In some rare cases, they can also occur spontaneously at different points in an individual’s life.

MD Symptoms

There are 9 types of muscular dystrophy, so symptoms vary greatly. However, all forms are characterized by muscle weakness that progresses over time. This may cause:

  • Trouble walking/running/jumping
  • Pain and stiffness in muscles
  • Inability to flex muscles
  • Difficulty rising from a seated position
  • Difficulty rising from lying down
  • Walking on the toes
  • Trouble lifting the front of the foot

The age when these symptoms appear varies greatly with different forms of dystrophy. To learn more about the 9 different types, by specific symptoms and ages of onset, visit the University of Rochester Medical Center Site.

Muscle groups affected by muscular dystrophy also vary with the type of MD, as seen below:

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Resources for this page:
  • https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspxContentTypeID=85&ContentID=P00792
  • https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/muscular-dystrophy/symptoms-causes/syc-20375388
  • https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/musculardystrophy/facts.html
  • https://www.healthnavigator.org.nz/health-a-z/m/muscular-dystrophy/